Wiring a workshop 3 wire question

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83mulligan

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Hello All,

I have an issue here. I've been reading on this forum a bit and have come to realize I need 4 wire to wire an outbuilding and service panel that meets code.

Well, here is where I'm at. A few years ago i ran a trench 30 inches deep to my outbuilding. I put in a 2" conduit with a satellite cable, a pex water line and a 10 guage 2 wire with ground. I wrapped the three components in pipe insulation and pulled it through a section of conduit at a time and glued the pvc up. I think its about 60 ft. from house to outbuilding. It was a really tight fit and was a real pain.

Well, now its 2012 and I'm ready to start building my woodworking shop. I read that in need a 3 wire with ground. My question is this. There is a Romex line running to the outbuilding now that is on one 20 amp circuit in the house panel. its burried along a different path and not in conduit. It is grounded to a rod and it is 12 guage. Can I disconnect it from the main inside and use the wires at the outbuilding as a 4th wire or does the difference in gauge kill this idea?

I'm a complete novice when it comes to electrician work so please forgive me for messing up terminology.

Thanks,

Steve
 

Jadnashua

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As I understand it, if you only have one circuit in the outbuilding (and no subpanel), you could use what you have. Only if you need or want more circuits off a subpanel to include 240vac stuff, would you need a 4-wire connection.
 

Jadnashua

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Really ?

A reason would have been nice.

Code requires a 4-wire (2-hot, neutral, and separate ground in one cable) to be able to use a subpanel. IOW, the wires must be routed together, not separated.
 

Kevink1955

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And you cannot put CATV and a water line in the conduit with your electrical service, start diging for a second conduit.
 

83mulligan

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And you cannot put CATV and a water line in the conduit with your electrical service, start diging for a second conduit.

Why not the water line. I thought burried conduit was considered a wet environment anyways? I think I'll pull the sat cable out and pull a fourth line through for the sub panel. This would work. I suppose I could just not get it inspected as well.
 

DonL

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And you cannot put CATV and a water line in the conduit with your electrical service, start diging for a second conduit.

I don't see why not.

Beer Keg line also.

Don't forget the compressed air line.
 

BobL43

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Why not the water line. I thought burried conduit was considered a wet environment anyways? I think I'll pull the sat cable out and pull a fourth line through for the sub panel. This would work. I suppose I could just not get it inspected as well.
The way you want to do it sounds like maybe you should have the water line terminate in the sub-panel with a hose bib:eek:

I assume you are joking, as I am too:)
 
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