Cut over for domestic well and city water supplies

Discussion in 'Pumps and Tanks Well Forum & Blog. Water is life.' started by Rossn, Apr 8, 2021.

  1. Rossn

    Rossn Member

    Joined:
    Dec 12, 2017
    Location:
    Denver, CO
    I have both city water and a domestic well at my home, and am also re-plumbing. I currently have a series of valves and check valves to allow the house plumbing to be cut over between city water and well water and don't think that will pass inspection.

    What is the preferred way to plumb a water supply cut over for city versus well?
     
  2. valveman

    valveman Cary Austin Staff Member

    Joined:
    Mar 15, 2006
    Occupation:
    Pump Controls Technician
    Location:
    Lubbock, Texas
    Some cities won't allow a cross connection of any kind. Most will allow a double check or RPZ on the city to prevent any well water from going into their system.
     
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  4. Rossn

    Rossn Member

    Joined:
    Dec 12, 2017
    Location:
    Denver, CO
    Thanks, valveman. I thought physical separation and cutover was required by code, and can check with local authorities as to what they allow. Any idea what section of the IPC may deal with this? I'm not sure where to start looking for this one.
     
  5. valveman

    valveman Cary Austin Staff Member

    Joined:
    Mar 15, 2006
    Occupation:
    Pump Controls Technician
    Location:
    Lubbock, Texas
    I don't think IPC has anything to do with it. Will be the city water supply company that regulates that.
     
  6. Rossn

    Rossn Member

    Joined:
    Dec 12, 2017
    Location:
    Denver, CO
    Ok, thanks. Here it seems to be governed at the state level by the department of health and environment. I spoke them, and they presented these options to be compliant:

    - RPZ with annual inspection
    - Air Gap
    - Physical spools for manual cutover, that the water authority keeps in their hands

    If I understand correctly, the RPZ isn't an indoor option due to flood hazard (and I don't have a heated exterior location. Having the water authority keep some part of the physical cutover not only doesn't make sense, but won't ever be available in case of emergency. Is there a practical air gap solution that can work?
     
  7. wwhitney

    wwhitney Well-Known Member

    Joined:
    Mar 17, 2019
    Location:
    Berkeley, CA
    Not very familiar with RPZ double check valve assemblies, but from the manual for the Watts LF009:

    "For indoor installations, it is important that the assembly be easily accessible to facilitate testing and servicing. If it is located in a line close to a wall, be sure the test cocks are easily accessible. A drain line and air gap (see literature ES-AG/EL/TC) should be piped from the relief valve connection as shown, where evidence of discharge will be clearly visible and so that water damage will not occur."

    So it seems like you could install one inside in utility room if proper arrangements for drainage are made.

    Cheers, Wayne
     
  8. valveman

    valveman Cary Austin Staff Member

    Joined:
    Mar 15, 2006
    Occupation:
    Pump Controls Technician
    Location:
    Lubbock, Texas
    I have installed RPZ's inside well houses with a big drain in the floor. But they do make a mess. I see them just sitting outside in southern states. I see little insulated boxes over them in the mid states. But they will freeze if you don't keep them warm.

    I used to do the irrigation wells for Texas Tech and they had cross connections for using city water when the wells where out. They had one flexible hose with a quick connector in a pit. The hose could be quick connected to the well or the city, but not both at the same time. The hose was permanently connected to the irrigation side and was either attached to the city valve or one coming from the well pump.
     
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