Problem with leaking bathtub sealing

Discussion in 'Shower & Bathtub Forum & Blog' started by A. Fig Lee, Mar 26, 2012.

  1. A. Fig Lee

    A. Fig Lee New Member

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2012
    Location:
    Toronto, ON
    Hello everyone, this is my first post.
    We have a house with very limited space and
    couple of years ago I installed bathtub.
    Here is the picture how it is placed:

    bathtub.jpg

    So, it is a little bit non standard installation.
    We could not use a tub with borders on left, right and long sides,
    which are for wall-attached installations, obviously.
    So, this is a "freestanding" tub without borders on any side.
    I bought separate L shape profiles to be attached to places
    where borders should be.
    And it seems worked.

    Now, we have leaks underneath (there is a non-finished basement,
    so water just goes down). Not too much, probably less then a litter
    when somebody takes shower.
    I tested it with shower on - no leaks,
    then I realized that when somebody gets into tub, under his weight
    tub borders goes down a little and there is millimetre or a few
    is a gap, where water from shower gets in.

    I can see, that silicon I used (GE Silicon II) is pealed off from the tub.

    peeloff.jpg

    Is it supposed to bond to tub? It is acrylic fiberglass tub.
    What should I use - same silicon or something better?
    I think, before doing resealing, I should put lot of weight in the tub
    and fill with water, so tub will be "in down position".

    Interesting, that it peels off even in the place where tub should not have any
    movement:

    peeloff2.jpg

    Perhaps, I have not cleaned area to be sealed properly.
    Any suggestions how to do it in a proper way?

    Thank you.
     
  2. jadnashua

    jadnashua Retired Defense Industry Engineer xxx

    Joined:
    Sep 2, 2004
    Occupation:
    Retired Systems engineer for defense industry.
    Location:
    New England
    Not sure you'll ever get that sealed properly. WHen using a drop-in tub as a shower, you need an add-on tiling flange. If one of those is used and installed properly, the lip will keep water inside of the tub. At least along one side, it appears your tile goes up against the edge of the tub and the only seal is caulk.

    If you have a removable panel, you may be able to push some mortar underneath the tub to stabilize it so it can't deflect. That would help, then caulk may last longer. You may want to consider adding a full circle shower rod, which should keep most water off the sidewalls. If the caulked areas have any gap, filling it first with foam backer rod, then caulking will also extend the life of the caulk. This forces the caulk into an hour-glass shape so it has a narrower section that flexes better than a block of it. It is less likely to tear off one edge when done that way, plus, you end up using less caulk. The backer rod comes in all sorts of diameters, but you may need to search to find it in the size you need. The big box stores only tend to carry the big stuff, not the smaller diameter stuff you'd likely need.
     
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  4. cacher_chick

    cacher_chick Test, Don't Guess!

    Joined:
    Jan 5, 2008
    Occupation:
    Test, Don't Guess!
    Location:
    Land of Cheese
    The problem is that the tub moves. A tub like that should be supported in a mortar bed or otherwise secured to that it can never move. Continued replacement of the caulk is a stopgap measure to fixing the root of the problem.
     
  5. A. Fig Lee

    A. Fig Lee New Member

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2012
    Location:
    Toronto, ON
    Yes, there is L shaped plastic profile underneath tile which is glued to the tub with silicone.
    Tub itself lays on wooden support from 2x4 with stubs but no mortar bed.
     
  6. A. Fig Lee

    A. Fig Lee New Member

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2012
    Location:
    Toronto, ON
    Thank you. I'll try what I can do to fix it.
     
  7. hj

    hj Moderator & Master Plumber Staff Member

    Joined:
    Aug 31, 2004
    Occupation:
    Plumber
    Location:
    Cave Creek, Arizona
    Where are the areas you took the pictures of. I cannot see anywhere in the picture of the bathtub where that first area could be.
     
  8. A. Fig Lee

    A. Fig Lee New Member

    Joined:
    Mar 26, 2012
    Location:
    Toronto, ON
    On the left side there is a shampoo in white package - right under that package, picture left corner of the tiled "shelf" where shapoo stays, could be seeing.
    It is where most leaks goes - on left side of the tub, if looking at the top picture.
    Right side quit good.

    Would it be ok, if I use epoxy first to let it fill spaces where tub connects with tile?
    Instead of fixing structure with mortar?
    And then on top, cover with silicone.
     
  9. dave36

    dave36 In the Trades

    Joined:
    Apr 11, 2012
    Occupation:
    plumbing/heating contractor
    Location:
    Philadelphia
    Silicon is the best material. I would redo the job with silicon materials. Make sure you remove the old seal completely before starting on the new job, otherwise it will not stick properly
     
  10. jadnashua

    jadnashua Retired Defense Industry Engineer xxx

    Joined:
    Sep 2, 2004
    Occupation:
    Retired Systems engineer for defense industry.
    Location:
    New England
    Industry standards call for caulking any changes of plane or materials...mortar has essentially no flex and epoxy might be worse - you could crack tile, and between the wall, tub, there's likely some either thermal movement caused by uneven expansion/contraction, or flexural movement.

    Note, a space used as a shower should be waterproof before the tile is installed...so, caulk and grout or even the tiles, while necessary as a wear and appearance surface, shouldn't be necessary to keep a shower waterproof.

    If the gap is large, you should look for foam caulk backer rod...this comes in many different diameters - the correct size should be slightly compressed when placed into the crack. This forces the caulk into an hour-glass shape, which is much less likely to fail than a big blob forced into a crack. The thin part caused by the round backer rod gives the caulk a place to flex rather than a big blob that might get pulled off one of the bonding surfaces.
     
  11. Hardt

    Hardt Member

    Joined:
    Nov 18, 2005
    Location:
    Hawaii
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