HVAC Trunk Sizing

Discussion in 'HVAC Heating & Cooling' started by spetrucco, Mar 25, 2010.

  1. spetrucco

    spetrucco DIY Junior Member

    Messages:
    22
    Location:
    Southeast PA
    Looking for some adivce on what size trunks to run and when to reduce.
    I am looking to frame in a wall that will house the trunks so I need to know the sizes prior to framing.
    I am not ready to purchase the acutal hvac unit at this time and will leave this area open.

    Questions:
    Do I need additional supply reigsters for the bedrooms?
    How many returns? ( I was thinking 1 large hallway return)

    FYI becasue the floor was finished by previuos owner I could only run 6inch flex duct for all my supply branches under the floor. Ceiling is not an option for running ducts because of rafters and flat roof.
    Totatl space is apprx 800sf. This is the second floor of a 1500sf house (total will be 2300sf)
    First floor has hvac from oil burning f.h.a. Essentialy I am creating a second zone on second floor.
    Attachments show cfm per room as well as distances.
    Yes this will all be inspected. Not looking to cut any corners.
    Any advice would be appreciated.
    Break down
    Bedroom #3 228cfm
    Laundry room 64cfm
    hallway 120 cfm
    bathroom 70cfm
    bedroom#4 168 cfm
    Thank You!

    Attached Files:

  2. Lightwave

    Lightwave New Member

    Messages:
    98
    Location:
    Vancouver, BC
    That's a very big question that could take several hours worth of work to figure out. If you want to do it yourself, you'll need to get a copy of ACCA Manual D. Some duct sizing information is on the web, but you'll need the fitting loss tables from Manual D to make much headway.

    http://www.acr-news.com/news/news.asp?id=998
    http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/equal-friction-method-d_1028.html
    http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/sizing-ducts-d_207.html
    http://www.google.ca/search?q=equal friction method

    Your best bet is probably to hire a mechanical engineer to do the calculations for you. Duct design is not easy.

    There's no way to know this without having the load calc data.

    One for every room except for bathrooms and kitchens.
  3. Hube

    Hube New Member

    Messages:
    156
    Location:
    Ontario
    The ONLY proper way is to use a Manual "D" in order to obtain correct duct sizes. Any other means would just be a guess and could result in a waste of money/heat. You also have to consider the size of the windows and the amount of "R" value in each of these rooms that require heating/cooling.
  4. gator37

    gator37 Retired prof. engr.

    Messages:
    108
    Location:
    Alabama
    Assuming the bottom sketch is the proposed new addition. How did you come up with you HVAC load? (The total CFM indicates about a 1.5 ton unit, but you should really calculate the load if you haven't.) Orientation can make a big difference especially when you are considering the glass areas.
    Are you talking about getting a furnace with a cooling coil or a Air Handling unit with electric heat. Furnace vs. AHU makes a difference on how you size your duct. Warning, flex duct has a large pressure drop.
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